Trecento I : The lute in Dante

The body of a lute is used as an image for one of the first occurrences of leuto in Italian. It shows the bloated paunch of Master Adam, the forger of the Divine Comedy. From his chest cithara to his belly lute, Dante derives the complex metaphor of Music. In the XXXth canto of the Inferno, the lute is both the heir and a parody of the cithara of the Psalms and the lyre of the Greeks.